• The Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or SED refers to a group of inherited pathologies of the connective tissue that mainly affects the skin and joints, but can also affect other organs.
  • SED affects connective tissues: tissues that support various parts of the body such as skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments.
  • In the SED the collagen fibrous protein has a defect, causing the connective tissue to be lacking in elasticity and strength.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

What are the symptoms?

There are six main types of SED that differ depending on the type.

Some are characterized by:

  • Skin problems, such as fragile skin that are injured or ripped; soft skin; and slow healing of wounds.
  • Joint disorders, such as “double joints”, joint hypermobility, hyperextensibility of the skin; and problems similar to arthritis.
  • Other types may manifest the following symptoms:

Pulmonary problems, weak blood vessels, eye problems, a curvature of the spine, gingivitis, problems of blood clotting.

How is it diagnosed?

  • Review of medical and family history.
  • Physical recognition, verify if there is an overextension of the joints.
  • Skin biopsy, to study the chemical components of connective tissue.

Treatment options

Treatments may include:

  • Diet supervised by the doctor for those overweight people
  • Vitamin C
  • Exercise
  • Regular eye exams to detect any problems
  • Protection of the joints
  • Protection from the sun
  • Surgery to correct fractures or dislocated joints